ntop-ng 1.1 installation on Ubuntu 12.04
Published: 29-11-2013 | Author: Remy van Elst | Text only version of this article
Table of Contents
This is a guide on installing the latest ntop-ng (1.1) on Ubuntu 12.04.
ntopng is the next generation version of the original ntop, a network traffic probe that shows the network usage, similar to what the popular top Unix command does. ntop is based on libpcap and it has been written in a portable way in order to virtually run on every Unix platform, MacOSX and on Win32 as well. ntopng users can use a a web browser to navigate through ntop (that acts as a web server) traffic information and get a dump of the network status. In the latter case, ntop can be seen as a simple RMON-like agent with an embedded web interface.
This tutorial will walk you through the compilation and installation of ntopngfrom source. The package in the Ubuntu 12.04 repositories it quite old.
What can ntopng do?
- Sort network traffic according to many protocols
- Show network traffic and IPv4/v6 active hosts
- Store on disk persistent traffic statistics in RRD format
- Geolocate hosts
- Discover application protocols by leveraging on nDPI, ntops DPI framework.
- Characterise HTTP traffic by leveraging on characterisation services provided by block.si.
- Show IP traffic distribution among the various protocols
- Analyse IP traffic and sort it according to the source/destination
- Display IP Traffic Subnet matrix (who is talking to who?)
- Report IP protocol usage sorted by protocol type
- Act as a NetFlow/sFlow collector for flows generated by routers (e.g. Cisco and Juniper) or switches (e.g. Foundry Networks) when used together with nProbe.
- Produce HTML5/AJAX network traffic statistics
This is what we are going to do:
- Install required packages
- Download files
- Place ntopng-data
- Compile ntopng
- Create config file
- Test ntopng
- Place upstart script
Here's what you need:
- Ubuntu 12.04 installation
- Debian 7 also works
Note about checkinstall and packages
We are using checkinstall here to create a debian package of the source wecompile. I do this because it gives more flexibility in managing the softwareafterwards. Upgrading or uninstalling the packages is easier than removing allthe things make install placed. Furthermore, it makes it more clear for otheradministrators which software is installed.
If you for example want to upgrade ntop-ng when it was installed via thistutorial with checkinstall, repeat the tutorial with only the version numberchanged.
Installing required packages
These are the packages we need to build and use for ntopng
apt-get install libpcap-dev libglib2.0-dev libgeoip-dev redis-server wget libxml2-dev build-essential checkinstall
Download the files
We need to download both the data files and the source code. You can download it from sourceforge:
mkdir -p /usr/local/srccd /usr/local/srcwget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/ntop/ntopng/ntopng-data-1.1_6932.tgz" -O ntopng-data-1.1.tar.gzwget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/ntop/ntopng/ntopng-1.1_6932.tgz" -O ntopng-1.1.tar.gz
The data files contain files for the web interface like the GeoIP database. Theyare already good, the only thing we need to do is place them:
cd /usr/local/srctar -xf ntopng-data-1.1.tar.gzcd ntopng-data-1.1_6932cp -r ./usr/* /usr
The compilation of ntopng itself is a bit more work, this is because the ntopng1.1 package includes prebuilt .o blobs for third party tools, probably byaccident, which will cause you trouble when building ntopng yourself. We need toclean those up.
First we extract:
cd /usr/local/srctar -xf ntopng-1.1.tar.gzcd ntopng-1.1_6932
Then we configure:
make cleancd third-party/json-c make cleancd .. cd third-party/LuaJIT-2.0.2make cleancd .. cd third-party/rrdtool-1.4.7make cleancd ..cd third-party/zeromq-3.2.3make cleancd ..cd third-party/credis-0.2.3make cleancd ..
Start the actual compilation:
And install the thing:
The default answers for checkinstall are okay.
Creating the ntopng config file
First we create the required folder:
mkdir -p /etc/ntopng
There are two files needed. First is
--local-networks "172.20.16.0/24"--interface 1
To see all available interfaces and options, use the
ntopng -h option:
Available interfaces (-i <interface index>): 1. eth0 2. vmbr0 3. venet0 [...] 14. any 15. lo
Then there is the
Again, with the
ntopng - option you can see all the possible options for usein this config file.
Before starting the test, make sure redis is started:
If the compilation gave no errors and the config files are places we can start
ntopng and see how it works:
Use your web browser to navigate to
http://your-ntop-box-ip:3000. There youcan login with the username/password combo
If this works, and there is data visible as in the screenshots, continue on toset up the upstart script.
This is a simple upstart script which can be used to start, stop and restartntopng. Place it in
Tags: apache, lua, monitoring, network, ntop, ntop-ng, tutorials, ubuntu
# ntopng network flow analyzer# by https://raymii.orgdescription "ntopng network flow analyzer"start on virtual-filesystemsstop on runlevel respawnrespawn limit 5 30limit nofile 65550 65550setuid rootsetgid rootconsole logscript exec /usr/local/bin/ntopng /etc/ntopng/ntopng.confend script